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Valid Parenthesis

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Given a string s containing just the characters '('')''{''}''[' and ']', determine if the input string is valid.

An input string is valid if:

  1. Open brackets must be closed by the same type of brackets.
  2. Open brackets must be closed in the correct order.

Example 1:

Input: s = "()"
Output: true

Example 2:

Input: s = "()[]{}"
Output: true

Example 3:

Input: s = "(]"
Output: false

Constraints:

  • 1 <= s.length <= 104
  • s consists of parentheses only '()[]{}'.

Solution 1: Using Stack

  • Push if it’s an opening bracket and if it’s a closing bracket pop and check if it’s the same.
  • Check if stack if empty is a valid string.
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public boolean isValid(String s) {
	Stack<Character> stack = new Stack<Character>();
	for (char c : s.toCharArray()) {
		if (c == '(')
			stack.push(')');
		else if (c == '{')
			stack.push('}');
		else if (c == '[')
			stack.push(']');
		else if (stack.isEmpty() || stack.pop() != c)
			return false;
	}
	return stack.isEmpty();
}
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